What Is Interest Coverage Ratio? Definition & Calculation

FCCR determines the company’s capacity to pay all of its short-term financial requisites. Using ICR alone will not help you compare two companies reliably especially if they belong to two different industries. Moreover, while calculating the interest coverage ratio, a company may not include all types of debt which might generate a skewed result. Listed companies are required to publish their financial statements after every financial quarter and year.

  • The interest coverage ratio is a useful tool and can be used to great effect.
  • Conversely, a higher ratio suggests that the company has sufficient earnings to cover its interest payments.
  • Our team of reviewers are established professionals with decades of experience in areas of personal finance and hold many advanced degrees and certifications.

It enables timely identification of potential issues and allows management to take corrective measures. Additionally, it helps in benchmarking against industry peers and identifying areas of improvement. It’s important to note that to calculate the ICR, you will need to have access to the company’s earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and outstanding debt. A higher ratio indicates a better financial health as it means that the company is more capable to meeting its interest obligations from operating earnings. On the other hand, a high ICR can indicate that a company is “too safe” and is neglecting opportunities to increase earnings through leverage. Investors should carefully review a company’s assets and liabilities when considering individual companies.

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For stockholders, the ratio provides a clear picture of the short-term financial health of a business. A company’s interest coverage ratio is an indicator of its financial health and commission received well-being. Coverage refers to the length of time—ordinarily the number of fiscal years—for which interest payments can be made with the company’s currently available earnings.

  • A bad interest coverage ratio is any number below one as this means that the company’s current earnings are insufficient to service its outstanding debt.
  • A lower interest coverage ratio indicates a higher burden of debt expenses and less capital available for other purposes.
  • It suggests that the company may have limited resources available to cover its interest expenses, potentially jeopardizing its ability to meet its financial obligations.
  • Coverage refers to the length of time—ordinarily the number of fiscal years—for which interest payments can be made with the company’s currently available earnings.
  • Consequently, monitoring this ratio can assure creditors of a company’s capacity to repay its debt and increase their willingness to lend – helping companies form secure borrowing relationships.

Some banks or potential bond buyers may be comfortable with a less desirable ratio in exchange for charging the company a higher interest rate on their debt. Investors should also take a look at which direction a company’s ICR is trending over a period of time. Both measurements should be taken for the same set period of time, such as the trailing twelve months (TTM). A good interest coverage ratio may vary by industry, but generally a ratio of 1 or above is considered acceptable. Furthermore, one should also weigh in other factors before investing in or lending capital to a particular company.

EBITDA Less Capex Interest Coverage Ratio

If you’re interested to check a company’s ICR, you can go through these financial statements to get the details for calculating this ratio. It is also possible for companies to isolate or exclude certain types of debt in their calculations. This can give a skewed view of their interest coverage ratio and can mislead investors. This variation uses earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA.

Forgoing an investment, for example, that would pay 15% a year returns simply to improve a company’s interest coverage ratio would likely be suboptimal for shareholders. To calculate this formula, take a company’s annual earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and divide by the company’s annual interest expense. That said, there may be a limit to how high of an interest coverage ratio is appropriate for a company as well. Firms can often benefit from using debt to invest in new growth opportunities. It could be counterproductive for a firm to pay off debt and thus raise its interest coverage ratio if doing so would cause it forego highly profitable investments while it reduces its debt load. A higher ratio represents a stronger ability to meet a company’s interest expenses out of its operating earnings.

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Interest Coverage Ratio measures the extent to which a company’s earnings can cover its interest expenses. It demonstrates the number of times a company can pay its interest charges using its operating income. A higher interest coverage ratio indicates a stronger ability to meet interest payments, implying lower financial risk. Interest coverage ratio is a measure that assesses a company’s ability to manage the cost of its debt. Both investors and bank lenders use the interest coverage ratio to assess a company’s financial strength. Generally, the interest coverage ratio is calculated using a company’s earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) divided by its annual interest expense.

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Consequently, monitoring this ratio can assure creditors of a company’s capacity to repay its debt and increase their willingness to lend – helping companies form secure borrowing relationships. Are you curious about the financial health of companies and their ability to manage their debt obligations? The Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR) can be an important measure that can shed light on a company’s capacity to meet its interest payments. When evaluating a company’s financial stability, lenders, investors, and stakeholders often look at various financial ratios. The Interest Coverage Ratio, also known as the Times Interest Earned Ratio, is one such ratio that provides insights into a company’s ability to fulfill its interest payment obligations. The interest coverage ratio is a financial ratio used as an indicator of a company’s ability to pay the interest on its debt.

Similarly, a low interest coverage ratio indicates a higher debt burden on the company which increases the chances of bankruptcy. An interest coverage ratio ideal may typically fall within a specific range, such as 1.5 to 2.5. However, the optimal range may vary depending on the industry and the company’s specific circumstances.

Interpreting interest coverage ratio

An interest coverage ratio of two or higher is generally considered satisfactory. Ask a question about your financial situation providing as much detail as possible. Our mission is to empower readers with the most factual and reliable financial information possible to help them make informed decisions for their individual needs. A highly geared company (i.e., a company with a high level of borrowings), will generally have a low ICR. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers.

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Let us understand the concept of interest coverage ratio with a solved example. The ratio indicates that ABC’s earnings should be sufficient to enable it to pay the interest expense. However, individuals must become familiar with the shortcomings of this financial metric to make better use of it. On the other hand, industries with fluctuating sales, like technology, manufacturing, etc., manifest a higher IRC ratio. Consequently, the ‘good interest coverage ratio’ for both such sectors will be different.


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